Views: 0 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2022-05-31 Origin: Site
Although my country's microbial Fertilizer industry has formed a certain scale through continuous development and has made important contributions to the sustainable development of agriculture, it is still necessary to see the problems existing in my country's microbial Fertilizer industry.
Here is the content list:
l Product quality varies
l Product use technology is not perfect
l Low social cognition and farmer acceptance
In the second quarter of 2016, Shandong Province conducted random inspections on the quality of 30 batches of microbial Fertilizer products produced by 24 companies, and the pass rate was 90%. In the fourth quarter of 2017, Shandong Province conducted a random inspection on the quality of 60 batches of products from 38 new Fertilizer production enterprises in the province, and the pass rate was 96%. During the random inspection, microbial inoculants, bio-organic Fertilizers, compound microbial Fertilizers, and other products had problems such as the number of miscellaneous bacteria, moisture, effective viable bacteria, pH value, total nutrients, unqualified organic matter indicators, and unqualified packaging labels. This is due to the small production scale of some microbial Fertilizer enterprises, poor equipment matching, backward production technology, and irregular transportation conditions, resulting in unguaranteed product quality and inconsistent Fertilizer product stability in different batches and times.
The microbial Fertilizer enterprises in my country are mostly small and medium-sized, and the annual output of bacterial agent enterprises is mostly at the level of 100 tons, and the number of enterprises exceeding 1,000 tons is relatively small; while the annual output of compound microbial Fertilizer and bio-organic Fertilizer enterprises is mostly concentrated at 5,000 tons ~ 10,000 tons, some enterprises can achieve an annual output of 40,000-50,000 tons, only a few enterprises can achieve an annual output of more than 100,000 tons, and the enterprise with the largest single volume is 200,000-300,000 tons. Due to the small scale of microbial Fertilizer enterprises in my country, low concentration, few leading enterprises, and insufficient innovation ability of enterprises, the homogeneity of microbial Fertilizer products is serious, which is mainly reflected in the single type of bacteria and repeated combinations. There is a lack of functional products for crops.
Microbial Fertilizers can be applied as seed Fertilizers, basal Fertilizers, and top-dressing Fertilizers by furrow application, hole application, broadcast application, soil mixing, and Fertilizers mixing, root dipping, seed soaking, and root irrigation. Its application effect is affected by various factors such as soil conditions, environmental climate, application methods, and crop types. To obtain an ideal fertilization effect, it is necessary to cooperate with the use of various agricultural production technical measures based on an in-depth understanding of the characteristics and functions of Fertilizer products. However, the technical model and soil improvement technology supporting the microbial Fertilizer have not yet been established, and the integration and coordination of technologies have not been brought into full play. For example, due to the low nutrient content and large application amount of bio-organic Fertilizer, the application process is time-consuming and labor-intensive, coupled with the intensification of rural urbanization, labor outflow, and lack of professional application machinery, all of which restrict the large-scale popularization and application of bio-organic Fertilizer. At the same time, although the role of microbial Fertilizers has gradually been recognized with the in-depth research of scientists, there is still a lack of a practical and effective evaluation system to evaluate the application effect of microbial Fertilizers.
The microbiological Fertilizer industry in my country started late. Although it has received strong support from the state in recent years, the industry has made certain progress. However, compared with chemical Fertilizers, the market value and application potential of microbial Fertilizers have not been fully recognized by scientific research institutions, enterprises, and promotion departments. Whether it is in product development and production, or in terms of effective publicity and promotion, it is weak. Affected by the characteristics of microorganisms, the production, transportation, and storage costs of microbial Fertilizers are relatively high. At the same time, because the growth and colonization of microorganisms in the soil and rhizosphere require a certain period, compared with quick-acting Fertilizers, microbial Fertilizers are slow to be effective after being applied to the soil. The above factors limit the enthusiasm of enterprises for the production and research and development of microbial Fertilizers. Affected by factors such as insufficient demonstration and demonstration, insufficient technical training, and insufficient publicity and guidance, the majority of farmers have problems such as limited understanding or distrust of microbial Fertilizers.
The above is the relevant content about the problems faced by the development of the microbial Fertilizer industry. If you are interested in Fertilizer, you can contact us. Our website is https://www.sinotainuo.com/. I look forward to your arrival very much and hope to cooperate with you.