Views: 0 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2022-06-12 Origin: Site
Fertilizer is of great significance to national food security. According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, chemical Fertilizers contribute 40% to 60% of global food production. The increase in China's grain output is closely related to the application of chemical Fertilizers. My country's grain output increased from 300 million tons in 1978 to 600 million tons in 2013, of which the contribution rate of chemical Fertilizers was as high as 56.81%. However, the large-scale use of chemical Fertilizers has also caused many problems while bringing about an increase in grain production. Long-term unreasonable and unscientific application of chemical Fertilizers not only increases agricultural production costs and wastes resources but also causes problems such as arable land formation and soil acidification. At the same time, due to the unreasonable application of chemical Fertilizers, the nutrient absorption of crops is affected, resulting in the low utilization efficiency of Fertilizers. So what are the countermeasures to speed up the Fertilizer utilization of China's planting and breeding industry waste? Let's see together.
Here is the content list:
l Improve the waste collection, storage, and transportation system
l Strengthen waste Fertilizer utilization and application technology innovation
l Strengthen the supervision of waste resources and the organic Fertilizer market
The output of planting and breeding industry waste is concentrated, with strong seasonality, and the output areas are generally relatively remote, which increases the difficulty of collecting straw and livestock and poultry manure. Therefore, improve the unified planning and guidance for the spatial distribution and rational utilization of waste resources, establish different regional collection, storage, and transportation systems for planting and breeding industry waste, strengthen the emphasis on the utilization of waste Fertilizers, and issue special support and incentives. Policy to encourage third-party service organizations and social capital specialized in the collection, storage, and processing to participate in waste treatment and Fertilizer utilization. From the national level, strengthen the collection and statistics of waste resources and organic Fertilizers industry big data, and comprehensively grasp the distribution of waste resources and Fertilizers utilization methods, scale, and industrialization in China. Developing the "planting and breeding balance" model of "determining to breed based on seeds" and "promoting seeds based on breeding", improve the ability of new agricultural organizations to absorb and directly apply manure, biogas, etc., and promote the efficient recycling of livestock and poultry wastes, reduce the risk of environmental pollution. Through the government's guidance and supervision of the organic Fertilizer market, the coordinated development of waste collection, transportation, harmless treatment, and Fertilizer utilization will be promoted.
In recent years, China has achieved rich research results in waste Fertilizers technology and equipment. Although compared with developed countries in the world, there is still a big gap in terms of microbial inoculants, waste innocuous treatment technology, and Fertilizer product research and development, but through independent research and development, we have mastered some core keys in waste Fertilizer treatment. The technology reduces the production cost of Fertilizer and improves the utilization rate of waste resources. At the same time, waste Fertilizer equipment and Fertilizer application equipment have also developed rapidly, from traditional simplification and miniaturization to intelligent and large-scale equipment, which improves the comprehensive utilization rate of crop straws and promotes large-scale breeding enterprises. The rapid and efficient treatment of manure has promoted the simultaneous development of waste Fertilizers and application technology. Departments at all levels can organize teaching, scientific research, and promotion departments to carry out joint research, integrate several key technologies such as straw, livestock and poultry manure Fertilizer utilization, and Fertilizer application technology, and formulate the refined straw returning to the field and the harmless treatment of livestock and poultry manure. , technical specifications and standards for waste composting and nutrient management, and strengthen guidance services for farmers.
Increase the supervision of waste resources and the organic Fertilizer market, and raise the entry threshold for the organic Fertilizer market. Under the existing organic Fertilizer standards, strengthen the registration management of organic Fertilizer products through legislation, especially strengthen the sampling inspection and supervision of waste resources and the source of organic Fertilizers raw materials, strictly control products access, and reduce the accumulation of harmful substances from the source. Organic Fertilizer’s raw materials enter the production process to ensure the safety and effectiveness of registered organic Fertilizers products. Strengthen the supervision and random inspection of organic Fertilizer products, continue to carry out Fertilizer supervision and special campaigns to crack down on counterfeit agricultural materials, investigate and deal with counterfeit and shoddy products, false propaganda, shoddy products, etc., and maintain the order of fair competition in the organic Fertilizer market and legitimate corporate rights and interests.
The above is the relevant content about the countermeasures to speed up the Fertilizer utilization of China's planting and breeding industry waste. If you are interested in Fertilizer, you can contact us. Our website is https://www.sinotainuo.com/. I look forward to your arrival very much and hope to cooperate with you.